Most goods and services can be exported from Norway without any need to apply for permission. Exports to countries outside the EU must generally be notified in advance to Norwegian Customs. However, you should note that special rules and restrictions apply to some goods. In other cases, there may be restrictions on exporting to specific countries or the recipient countries may impose restrictions on imports.
Although most enterprises use shipping agents to carry out declarations, customs clearance and transportation for them, it is your responsibility as exporter to ensure that the export is carried out in accordance with the applicable rules. In this text, you will find information on common requirements, restrictions and permits which apply to exports.
International trade - payment forms, delivery conditions and export documents
In international trade, there are a number of important terms which you must relate to. These include payment forms, trade documents, delivery conditions, free trade agreements and origin rules.
As an exporter, it is important to be familiar with different forms of payment and delivery conditions to ensure that the customer pays for the goods, and that the allocation of responsibilities and risk between the buyer and the seller is clarified. The most common forms of payment are open account, cash against documents, letters of credit, guarantees and currency futures, but the choice of solution should be made on the basis of a risk assessment. It can be a good idea to contact your bank to find out the best form of payment for your products.
Incoterms are the most frequently used framework for international delivery conditions. In simple terms, the various clauses in Incoterms will determine the point during the journey at which responsibility for the consignment transfers from the seller to the buyer.
Before you can export goods, certain documents must be in place. These documents are called export documents or trade documents. The terms are often used interchangeably. The carrier/shipping agent will generally handle the document management, but you will still be responsible for ensuring that the documents contain the right information.
The most common export documents are trade invoices, packing lists, export declarations and shipping documents. Other relevant documents include certificates of origin and various product and health declarations.
Most goods and services can be exported from Norway without any requirement for an export licence. However, strategic goods, defence equipment and certain other goods cannot be exported without the approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or other public bodies.
The delivery of certain types of technology and services to other countries also requires permission. In addition, the receiving country may be subject to sanctions or impose its own import restrictions.
Some examples of goods which are subject to restrictions are:
- fish and fish products - require registration and approval from the Norwegian Seafood Council
- waste and discarded goods - require the necessary permits from the Norwegian Environment Agency
- firearms, military equipment and other strategic goods - require a permit from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
If you are in any doubt whether your goods are covered by restrictions, Norwegian Customs will be able to help you find out the applicable regulations.